Museum night- what is it? What is it for and how is it? It’s simple – museums do not close at their usual hour. and work until midnight, and even later. And these hours, presented to the guests of the Museum, miracles happen!
Museum day was established in 1977 on the initiative of the Russian delegation at the regular meeting of the International Council of museums (International Council of Museums). But the most interesting thing began when in 1997 in Berlin was the first “Night of museums”. Nowadays, every year millions of museums and art venues open their doors to all who want to visit any exhibition absolutely free of charge.
Especially popular Is the night of museums in Moscow because there are several hundred private and public museums and their branches. For the holiday museums always are preparing a large cultural program: lectures, workshops, historical re-enactments, theatrical shows, etc.
This year’s program has become especially rich. The most interesting sites that I have not visited this year: the Museum of Hockey invited to the “Hockey cinema”, the Museum of Studio “Soyuzmultfilm” showed the originals of dolls of the heroes of Soviet and Russian cartoons, and the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A. S. Pushkin was offered to look at unique items not presented before.And in the Museum of composer Scriabin, there was a performance “Silence”, dedicated to the sounds around us and the interaction with them. The sound atmosphere of the performance depended on the visual images created by the actors in front of the camera. Movements, the appearance of a person, his position in front of the lens, composition — all this influenced the sound generation in real time. The Museum ” Old English Yard “prepared the program”night of living history”.The chambers of the Old English court Were built in the early XVI century. Guests were greeted with the sounds of medieval harps, bagpipes, wheel lyre, block flutes and krumhorn — members of the ensemble of ancient music Pfeiffer performed the most famous works of the Renaissance. In addition, there were organized courts for games such as bowls, hide and seek, SERS. These games were popular with foreigners who came to Moscow from European countries in the XVI-XVII centuries.
I found the best solution for myself. I compensated the museums of Hockey and Cartoons with the Museum of Cosmonautics (I told about it in my previous post). And the musical performances of the Scriabin Museum and the Old English court completely replaced me with a large and interesting program of the Museum of Music. The motto of the Museum:”Music is created by people, and we, artists, only arrange It.” The Museum was looking forward to its guests.
The program began with a tour of the halls with musical instruments of all times and peoples. It was accompanied by recordings of the voices of all the instruments we were told about. For example, this is a gusli, an old Russian musical instrument. The Museum has several such tools XII-XIV centuries, found during excavations in Veliky Novgorod.
with the Italian violas, the predecessors of violins and cellos. Violas were different in the tone of the sound. Here’s Viola da Gamba’s voice:
The tour ended in the hall of modern instruments. In the photo below you will see a strange Turkish-American drum kit. But the main thing here is not it, but a modest “black box with eyes”, which can be seen on the left. It is the famous “termenvox” – the world’s first electronic musical instrument invented by the Russian physicist Leo Termen in 1919.
It is the only instrument that is played without touching it. Later in this “Night of museums,” I heard the sound in the concert a unique musical group that has no analogs in the world, “Trebarkhan”. Among the members of the team Peter theremin, one of the leading performers in the theremin, the great-grandson of LeoTermen, the organizer of the international festival of termen-culture “Termenology”. Familiarity with the theremin continued with a master class of game on this tool.
But it was a little later, and immediately after the tour I saw and heard a lecture-concert “Chinese zither Qin – a tool of wise men”, dedicated to one of the oldest Chinese plucking instruments, “the father of national Chinese music.” Traditional Chinese music and classical poetry will be performed, accompanied by stories about ancient Chinese instruments. At first, we sаw some ancient Chinese instruments from the Museum’s storerooms.
According to one legend, zither Qin was invented by Fusi the firstborn and legendary hero of China, the first Emperor of China, the ruler of the East. That is – it is the most ancient musical instrument! Qin in China has always been a consolation of philosophers, and playing on it is still one of the most effective methods of self-improvement. In fact, playing the Qin is one of the deepest Chinese spiritual practices. The instrument is two decks made of Chinese wood Tun, glued together and covered with varnish. Seven silk or nylon strings, which are attached to the “goose’s feet”, located on the lower deck of the instrument, are stretched on the wooden body of the Qin. Every detail of the Qin has its own name, all these names there are about 40. Among them, many are associated with the two main mythical creatures, the patrons of China — Dragon and Phoenix.
Learning to play the guqin zither takes place today in the same way as hundreds of years ago: the tradition is passed from the Teacher to the student, from hand to hand. In this Ordinance, the transmission of the tradition of critical importance is the oral method. Despite the fact that the music of the guqin zither is recorded in a kind of hieroglyphic notation, which must be learned by the student, the notation is of secondary importance. In a duet with the guqin zither, one can hear Xiao’s bamboo flute
In Europe and America musical instruments are divided by type of sound production – percussion, keyboards, strings, wind instruments. In China, there is the concept of “eight sounds”. These are 8 natural materials from which tools are made: earth (clay), wood, metal, leather, pumpkin, silk, bamboo, stone. Listen to the combination of three sounds-silk plus wood (zither Qin) and earth (clay Ocarina Xun with 8 holes):
But the sounds of Chinese music subsided and after a short break the Duo of shaman’s harp from Siberia and termenvox, the very miracle instrument I was talking about, sounded. The sounds of termenvox are born when the hands of the musician move to two metal tubes and move away from these tubes. The vertical tube is responsible for the pitch, and the horizontal tube is responsible for the volume:
This concert I could not listen to the end, I had to catch an evening tour of the Pokrovsky Cathedral on Red Square and a concert of bells from the bell tower of the Cathedral (read the next post).